Perencanaan Pembangunan Pariwisata di Daerah (Studi Pelaksanaan Program pada Dinas Pemuda Olahraga dan Pariwisata Kabupaten Pekalongan)

Irwan Susanto

Abstract


Tourism development in rural area implemented to eradicate poverty and the gap between rural and urban areas. The purpose of this study is to identify tourism development program that carried out in the rulal area from perspective of destination development, marketing and institutional development. Program destination development still dominated by the construction of infrastructure, in which lack attention to the construction of the attractions, the development of marketing is still stuck at an annual routine which has not based on modern marketing model, program of institutional development has been growing a tourism area in society however it is still not effective because of limited quality and quantity in human resources, accessibility, lack of facilities and infrastructure and also budget. The development model recommended is a community-based tourism development which pay more attention to community participation, environmental sustainability and social culture.

Keywords


planning; tourism development; attraction; marketing

Full Text:

PDF

References


Arnstein, Sherry R. (1969). A Ladder of Citizen Participation. JAIP, 35 (4), pp. 216-224.

Asker, Sally. et all. (2010). Asia-Pasific Economic Cooperation: Effective Community Based Tourism: A Best Practice Manual. Sydney: Sustainable Tourism Cooperative Research Center.

Bovy, M.Baud and Lawson, Fred R. (1998). Tourism and Recreation Handbook of Planning and Design. Oxford: Architectural Press.

Burkart, A.J. and Medlik, S. (1974). Tourism: Past, Present and Future. London: Heinemann.

Butler, R.W. (1980). The Concept of a Tourism Area Cycle of Evolution: Implications for Management Resources. The Canadian Geographer, 24(1), pp. 5-16.

Etzioni, Amitai. (1982). Organisasi-Organisasi Modern, Terjemahan Suryatim. Jakarta: UI Press.

Garrod, Brian. (2001). Local Partisipation in the Planning and Management of Ecotourism: A Revised Model Approach. Bristol: University of the West of England.

Gunn, C. & T, Var. (1994). Tourism Planning, Basics, Concepts, Cases. Routledge, New York. Gunn, C. & T, Var. (2002). Tourism Planning: Basics, Concepts, Cases, 4th Edition. Routledge, New York.

Hadinoto, Kusudianto. (1996). Perencanaan Pengembangan Destinasi Pariwisata. UI Press, Jakarta.

Inskeep, E. (1991). Tourism Planning: An Integrated and Sustainable Development Approach. Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York.

Peraturan Menteri Kebudayaan dan Pariwisata Nomor PM.04/UM.001/MKP/2008 tentang Sadar Wisata.

Pitana, I Gede. & Surya Diarta, I Ketut. (2009). Pengantar Ilmu Pariwisata. Yogyakarta: ANDI.

Pitana, I Gede. & Surya Diarta, I Ketut. (2010). Pengantar Ilmu Pariwisata. Yogyakarta: ANDI.

Reid, Donald G. (2003). Tourism, Globalization and Development: Responsible Tourism Planning. Pluto Press, London.

Spillane, J.J. (1991). Ekonomi Pariwisata: Sejarah dan Prospeknya. Yogyakarta: Kanisius.

Suansri, Potjana. (2003). Community Based Tourism Handbook. REST PROJECT, Thailand.

Suwena, I Ketut. (2010). Pengetahuan Dasar Ilmu Pariwisata. Denpasar: Udayana Press.

Timothy, D.J. (1999). Participatory Planning a View of Tourism in Indonesia. Annals of Tourism Research, Vol. 26, Issue 2, pp. 251-492.

Yaman, A.R. & Mohd. (2004). Community Based Ecotourism: New Proposition for Sustainable Development and Environment Conservation in Malaysia. Journal of Applied Sciences, IV(4), pp. 583 -589.

Yin, Robert K. (2011). Qualitatif Research From Start to Finish. The Guilford Press, New York.

Yoeti, Oka A. (1988). Pengantar Ilmu Pariwisata. Angkasa, Bandung.

Yoeti, Oka A. (2005). Perencanaan Strategi Pemasaran Daerah Tujuan Wisata. PT. Pradnya Paramit, Jakarta.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.